Work injuries are common in many different industries in Texas and throughout the U.S. One of the most prevalent workplace injuries involves traumatic brain damage, which can cause permanent damage in some cases. Traumatic brain injuries occur when workers are hit by falling objects, fall from a height or are smashed by a piece of equipment. Any type of sharp blow to the head may cause the soft tissue of the brain to hit against the hard bone of the skull, causing bleeding, bruising and inflammation. While some people show instant symptoms of brain damage, other cases may take days or even weeks to present themselves.
The symptoms themselves may be difficult to identify, as some could be masked by other illnesses or conditions. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, signs of mild brain trauma include dizziness, blurred vision, confusion, fatigue, headache, trouble concentrating and memory lapses. Moderate to severe brain trauma may involve seizures, nausea, convulsions, muscle weakness, shaking, slurred speech, increased confusion and numbness in the extremities.
Not only is traumatic brain injury difficult to diagnose, it is hard to treat. Measures can be taken to stabilize the injured person, but is it hard to repair damaged brain tissue. Treatment may include speech therapy, rehabilitation, physical therapy, occupational therapy and counseling, depending on the circumstances of the situation.
Employers are responsible for providing a safe work environment for their employees, which includes proper training and access to protective equipment. When an accident occurs, employees should alert their manager as soon as possible and seek immediate medical treatment.